On Tuesday’s meeting of the Parliament’s Standing Committee on Security and Foreign Policy, the draft law on ratification of the 10th Additional Protocol to the Constitution of Universal Postal Union submitted by the Government was discussed. Ts. Nyamdorj, Member of the Government, Minister of Mongolia, and Head of the Cabinet Secretariat, presented the initiator’s report of this law.
The Universal Postal Union /UPU/ is a specialized agency of the United Nations that organizes and develops the postal sector in order to create favorable conditions for the development of international cooperation, as well as to provide technical assistance and support to the postal sectors in the Member States. It currently has 192 Member States, with its headquarters in Bern, Switzerland, and its Asia-Pacific regional office in Bangkok, Thailand. The highest governing body of the Union is the Congress, which meets every four years to discuss and approve amendments to the Constitution of the Union, which are ratified by member states internally.
Mongolia became a Member State of the Union in 1963 and signed the Constitution of the Universal Postal Union in 1964 in Vienna, Austria, and then ratified by the Parliament of the People’s Republic of Mongolia in 1968. Subsequently, the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Additional Protocols to the Constitution were ratified in 2002 by the Parliament, the 7th was in 2006, the 8th was in 2011 and the 9th Additional Protocol was ratified in 2019.
In September 2018, the Third Extraordinary Congress of the UPU was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and approved the 10th Additional Protocol to the Constitution of the Union.
The Minister highlighted in his report that the adoption of this Additional Protocol is an important issue for ensuring the sustainable development of the postal sector, improving the quality and efficiency of services, expanding international cooperation, ensuring the free exchange of parcels, introducing new techniques and technologies, as well as strengthening further cooperations.
In connection with the initiator’s report, Parliament Members such as B.Enkh-Amgalan, N.Altankhuyag, and Kh.Badelkhan expressed their support for the ratification of the Additional Protocol to the Constitution of the UPU and asked for some clarifications and received answers from the Working Group.
The 10th Additional Protocol of the Union established the Administrative Council for decision-making and the Postal Operations Council for permanent activities. It is now possible that the Members States to send the observers to this Council meeting. The Working Group mentioned that the postal organizations of Mongolia will be able to strengthen their relations and cooperation with the UPU, implement safety standards, introduce new techniques and technologies, and train and retrain specialists.
Currently, there are about 70 postal companies in Mongolia, 44 of which are actively operating. The total revenue of the telecommunications and information technology sector in 2020 was 1.334 billion MNT, of which 1.6 percent was revenue from the postal service. According to the Parliament’s Media and Public Relations Department, there were no comments from Parliament Members on the draft law and 68.8 percent of the Members present at the Standing Committee meeting supported the adoption of the draft law on ratification of the 10th Additional Protocol to the Constitution of the UPU.